This week I want to again focus on the use of electronic devices and also the importance of vigilant behaviour when on-line. Cyber-safety and device management is certainly not a new or ground-breaking topic, but it is one of critical importance that we must keep reflecting on and revising as technology continues to play such a significant role in modern society.
Given that it is still early in the term I know many families (mine included) are probably facing a few challenges returning to regularity and routines after the extended holiday break. Being a parent of a 5-year-old, returning to a more consistent and early bed-time after the holidays has been challenging. For parents of teenagers, no doubt one of the biggest challenges will be scaling back device usage after the holiday break, where due to the absence of other activities such as school and sport, electronic device usage has the ability to rapidly take up a large chunk of the day.
Over the break I read the book iGen: Why Today’s Super Connected Kids are Growing up Less Rebellious, More Tolerant, Less Happy – and Completely Unprepared for Adulthood,
by psychology professor Dr Jean Twenge. The book is rather confronting in some of the statistics that it presents, and also in its discussion relating to the rise of teenagers being required to attend ‘digital detox’ camps (now a growth industry in the USA) in response to digital addiction.
A couple of the key points that I took away, and seek to share with parents are:
- For teens, the negative side effects of screens start showing up after two hours a day of use during leisure time. The major problem with screen time is the duality of negative effects, not only do the screens have a negative impact, but also the time consumed by screens has an opportunity cost (I am an Economics teacher!) as this time actually prevents teens from engaging in activities (e.g. exercise or spending times with friends) that actually make them happier.
- The vulnerability of younger developing brains is identified, with data indicating that teens who use electronic devices for three hours a day or more are 35% more prone to suicide (this study is based on data from the Monitoring the Future Survey which commenced in 1975 and has been tracking young people since this period).
- The survey also found that Year 8 students who spend 6-9 hours a week on social media are 47% less likely to be happy than those spending fewer than six.
In order to provide a comparative data point Twenge used information from the app ’Moment’
(a free app that tracks active phone usage not including calls and music). Moment
currently has been downloaded 4 million times and has over 850,000 active users. In using data covering all of its users Moment
reports that average phone usage time is 4 hours and 5 minutes per day, with users picking their phone up more than 50 times a day for non-call related activities. Certainly average use at this level is alarming and has cause for concerns.For teenagers and children, spending so much significant time with screens is of great concern, primarily because their brains are still in the development stage. This is not to give adults a free pass for screen/phone usage, however most adults were not inundated by this new level of hyperconnection with technology until much later in our lives when many of our social, cognitive and decision making skills were already developed.
Recently I was privileged enough to hear acclaimed neuroscientist, Baroness Susan Greenfield discuss the impacts of ‘hyperconnectivity’ (whether through social media or gaming) on adolescent development. A summary of my notes from her address can be found here
. But she highlighted the threats that adolescent development faces due to excessive exposure to screen time, posturing that “
Hyperconnectivity is a threat to humanity” because:
- Electronic media use reduces social contact
- Heavy internet users lose the ability for facial emotive recognition, this has effects on the development of social skills and emotional intelligence
- There is a deterioration in communication skills (words only make up 10% of communication)
- People now have an “audience” rather than “friends” – the purpose of the audience is gratification and approval not meaningful relationships
Device usage is not all doom and gloom, and certainly, it is a reality we are all forced to contend with, and no one is arguing that electronic devices and the internet don’t provide a multitude of benefits to our lives through our ability to communicate more widely. What is important is the response to the expanded level of use, and as teachers and parents, we must be vigilant in managing that use, until we are confident the young people we work with are at a point of responsibility.
The start of the year is always a very good time to discuss these matters at a school and family level, and I have included some links to relevant attachments that may provide some discussion points at home. In my experience the key to successful digital behaviour has to be centred on keeping the discussion open with young people. Often they can be scared to be honest about their on-line/screen time activities for fear of losing privileges related to device use, so as adults we need to maintain an approach focussed on education, care, support, role modelling and equipping students with the skills for good decision making. If we can do this we will be able to make inroads into helping our students navigate through a very new and tricky frontier.
Some useful links that you may find helpful are listed below:
How to Recognise Online Predators (fact sheet)
Family Online Safety Contract
MR BRAD EVANS
HEAD OF SENIOR SCHOOL